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students are older than 25, and more than a quarter are 35 or older. There are roughly 188,000 students per year, and nearly a third of those end up transferring to a four-year college to continue their studies. Another third are taking courses as part of lifelong learning, and the remainder are vocation-oriented, training for a particular skill or a certain kind of job. It’s interesting to note that there’s been little expansion or even new construction at LACCD (or other California community college districts) for almost 30 years, even with increased enrollment. Some facilities are strained, and retrofi tting and maintenance has suffered as a result. In 1969 the state’s Proposition 13, which shifted control of general obligation property taxes from school districts to the state, discouraged future state and local governments from capital investment in educational institutions. Then in 1999 Proposition 39 changed voting requirements for a property-tax-supported bond for school districts from 65 to 55 percent approval, and the timing was fortuitous. LACCD was the fi rst community college district to apply for a bond issue to fi nance an expansion program, and it received approval of its request for $1.245 billion from the District’s voters. In early 2002, the board heard from the community about the bond issue, receiving opinions regarding the new construction. They stressed it should be done with environmentally sensitive design toward LEED certifi cation, improvements to existing buildings should be done with elements of green sustainability, and a policy requiring that at least 10 percent of energy for new buildings be from alternative sources should be adopted, with a goal of 25 percent. These measures were adopted. In 2003, realizing they now needed more fi nancing to fulfi ll the latest mandates, the board sought approval of a second bond issue, nearly a billion dollars, which also passed, giving LACCD about $2.2 billion to spend on expansion. Eisenberg was given a list of new buildings to be constructed, as well as existing buildings to be retrofi tted. With his background in facilities and operating major construction programs, he found some issues not yet addressed, such as installing an infrastructure for all the things LACCD’s board wanted to do. “It required some rethinking and reprioritizing of the list,” he says. “I thought we needed some standards for this major building program, and solid practices such as value engineering, a formal partnering program, a constructability review, and technology to support it all, in terms of software programming.” He upgraded the computer technology, including a system to collect data for all the infrastructure and new building construction, and building image modeling to provide 4D “fl y-throughs” of the program—“rotating a building design for a better look when trying certain variables.” He also hired architecture students to assist with the work. “They get experience; LACCD gets great products.” Eisenberg thinks California is progressive in a lot of ways, such as supporting green construction, but he says it hasn’t provided a range of delivery tools for public institution projects that are available in other states. “Basically, everything here was design-bidbuild, whereas design-build is a better delivery technique. If the ‘bid’ element worked as intended, it could be effective, but too often it results in an unnaturally contentious atmosphere. Giving us that extra capability required a change in state law, and now we can show how design-build is a more effective tool for delivering these projects.” Incidentally, he’s been advocating that California incorporate LEED construction requirements into its building code. Eisenberg’s background also includes a stint as purchasing offi cer for the state of Wisconsin. “If you take advantage of the purchasing power of a large budget to buy in bulk, you can make effective deals.” Applying that to sustainability, he looked at furniture for the new facilities. About $100 million dollars, fi ve percent of the 56 May 08 Creating better environments—this statement refl ects the mission and values of Forbo Flooring Systems. From the indoor environment to the natural environment, Forbo’s products and services combine design and functionality in world-class fl ooring solutions. Forbo’s natural linoleum fl ooring, Marmoleum, addresses the need for an improved indoor environment better than any other fl oor covering material available today. Made from readily renewable natural ingredients, Marmoleum has naturally occurring antistatic and antimicrobial properties, making it not only hygienic and easy to clean, but also an aid in the reduction of indoor air pollutants. Marmoleum also features an innovative, water-based Topshield fi nish that considerably reduces the need for initial maintenance and chemicals, while providing lower cleaning costs and better long-term appearance retention. Forbo Flooring Systems

carry the daytime energy into the evening. By using alternative energy, we can document how much we’re saving, and we’re generating carbon credits that we can sell, so we’re entering the carbon credit trading market. And we’re heading toward total self-sufficiency by the end of 2008. Up to now LACCD has been spending $12 million annually on energy; we’re going to reduce that to zero.” As he entrenches himself into fulfi lling this expansion program for LACCD, Eisenberg’s political acuity and common-sense approach, combined with his purchasing, facilities, and construction experience, equip him well for the task. “There are 455 buildings across our colleges; our new program will touch almost every building with some sort of renovation, and we’re constructing more than 40 new buildings, so it’s pretty exciting.” May 08 57 budget, was for furniture, so he developed specs that included things like making the furniture as much as possible out of recycled material, as well as it being 100 percent recyclable, so that it eventually could be broken down into recyclable parts. He asked for and got a fi ve-year lock-in on the pricing, and a 15-year fully unlimited warranty, as well as design and installation included. “Currently, we’re two and a half years into our furniture contract, and our pricing is way below market value for attractive, durable, sustainable products.” He used a similar strategy for manufacturing and purchasing carpeting. He’s done extensive research into the use of alternative energy sources, and LACCD’s target has gone from 10 percent to 100 percent, using solar cells, wind power and geothermal ground-source heat. “Our peak classroom time is 7:00 pm, so we needed to LosAngelesCommunityCollegeDistrict